Herbs English



From the family of mint, Thyme herb has 350 kinds out of which 14 aromatic kinds are found in the mountains .

According to research conducted in 2014, Thyme is very effective in fighting and killing pathogenic bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumonia compared to other herbs such as lavender and Artemisia.

Medicinal properties

Thyme is a miraculous herb full of many medicinal and healthy properties, as listed below:

  • Antimicrobial properties: The plant has very powerful antiseptic properties.
  • Treating sore throat

One of the powerful compounds of the herb oil is Carvacrol which is very effective in treating and relieving sore throat. According to a recent study by a university in Poland, the herb oil responds positively to 120 different kinds of bacteria associated with mouth infections, genitals, and urinary tract, and respiratory system. Moreover, the herbal oil showed extraordinary effects on antibiotic-resistant strains.

  • Lowering blood pressure

Thyme is very useful in treating high blood pressure. According to studies, the extract of this amazing herb may help reduce heart attack in people with high blood pressure.

  • Lowering blood cholesterol

The herb lowers the level of bad cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood while increases good cholesterol.

  • Food disinfection

Thyme prevents food contamination while disinfecting the contaminated food. According to the research in food microbiology, the herb may help disinfect Shigella-infected lettuce, an infectious virus that causes serious damage to the intestines and diarrhea. Washing lettuce in water containing only one percent of thyme oil can significantly fight Shigella bacteria.

  • Increasing the level of dopamine and serotonin

Carvacrol is one of the powerful compounds in the herb which helps with mood. In 2013, a 7-day carvacrol study on animals showed that serotonin and dopamine levels, two neurotransmitters in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex, increased. Thyme activates brain carvacrol, thus directly affects brain activity by regulating neurotransmitters.

If consumed even in small quantities, the herb can make you feel much better.

  • Fighting cancer

One of the major compounds of the herb is Carvacrol which has shown to have extraordinary properties to fight cancer cells.

  • Useful in treating bronchitis and cough

The plant has been used for many centuries to cure bronchitis and cough. According to a research by a medical institute in Germany, a blend containing ivy and thyme was used to treat bronchitis and cough. Based on the findings, the Cough symptoms were reduced by 50% and the recovery time was reduced to less than two days compared to other drugs.



The amazing properties of cardamom

From the family of ginger, Cardamom is a fruit plant with dark seeds and the size of a finger knuckle.  The herb is found in green, black, and white color, with the green kind having a bitter aroma.

The fragrant seeds are used as an aromatic flavor in different cuisines such as sweets, foods, and especially jam.  India, Pakistan province are among the most consumers of cardamom in the world.

The amazing medicinal properties


  • helping with bad breath or treating halitosis

Bad breath is one of the most common problems among people. According to the studies in this field, consuming cardamom seed is an effective way to control bad breath, by fighting oral bacteria, making it a good ingredient in gum making industry.

Cardamom properties


  • fighting cancer cells

Studies and experiments on animals indicate the herb can help control and fight cancer cells, due to the anti-cancer agents such as Cineol and limonene in the herb.

  • lowering blood pressure

According to researchers, consuming 3 grams of the herb seeds per day for 12 weeks has a tremendous effect on reducing blood pressure.


Rose Flower

Rosa x damascena

Rose Flower is one of the aromatic plants. Red roses is other name of the flower. Rosewater is made from a kind of this flower.

India, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and Afghanistan are the countries that are active in the field of aroma making and oil extracting from the plant.

The history of growing this plant goes back to the Achaemenid era in Fars province. Later in the Safavid era, the herb was planted in the foothills of Kashan, though it was cultivated in the Shah Mountain of Lalehzar region of Kerman. Today, the cultivation of the Rose flower has increased in the region due to the suitable climate condition. It can be said that Iran is the largest poduction hub of Rose flower in the world.

Amazing Features of Rose Flower

Medicinal Properties

  • Strengthening the stomach and relaxing nerves
  • Relieving headaches
  • Treating heart disease and rheumatism
  • Relieving stomach pain and chronic coughing
  • Improving and strengthening the digestive system
  • Preventing osteoporosis
  • Softening and glowing the skin
  • Anti- Allergy and inflammation
  • Reducing the volume of menstrual bleeding
  • Liver cleansing
  • Protecting against cardiovascular problems
  • Fighting cancer
  • Repairing body cells as it’s rich in vitamin C and other compounds such as ellagic acid, and quercetin

Uses of Rose Flower

The products of the plant include dried petals, rosewater, and essential oils. The herb is used in:

  • Pharmaceutical industry
  • Perfumes and cologne
  • Food industry
  • Cosmetics & Hygienic Products
  • Jam syrup
  • Confectionery industries
  • Ice cream making

It is worth noting that every year, the Iranian essential oils and rosewater is exported to European countries such as Great Britain, France, and the Persian Gulf countries.



The Amazing Benefits of Borage

Most of the properties of the herb are due to the presence of potassium nitrate substance.

Ingredients of Borage

  • Rich in antioxidants
  • Flavonoids and anthocyanins
  • Gamma-linolenic acid and choline
  • Vitamins B and C
  • Magnesium and calcium
  • Iron and potassium

Medicinal properties of Borage


The flowers, seeds, and leaves of the herb are full of healing properties. In addition, the seeds are used in producing cooking oil. The herb is associated with many medical properties as followed:

  • Having warm nature, nutrient, and exhilarating properties
  • Helping with treating chickenpox and measles
  • Preventing mouth sores, ulcers, rash
  • Relaxing nerves
  • Treating dry coughs and colds if consumed as herbal tea in cold winter.
  • Helping with expelling bladder and kidney stones, as well as treating oral pain.


Lemon verbena

Aloysia citrodora

Benefits of Lemon verbena

One of the aromatic plants with healing properties and a pleasant fragrance is lemon verbena, making it a good ingredient in the food and perfume industry. The herb has rough leaves and a pleasant aroma when rubbed. Lemon verbena grows naturally in Chile, Argentina, and Peru and is native to South America.

Healing properties

  • boosting the stomach, better used as an herbal tea
  • calming the nerves
  • reducing the high resting heart rate
  • improving the memory
  • relieving anxiety, stress, fatigue, and insomnia
  • treating headaches and migraines (contains anti-flatulence properties)
  • treating colds and coughs
  • Treating nerve disorders and neuropathic pain, effectively.



Glycyrrhiza glabra


Licorice and its unique properties

This self-growing herb is native to Asia, North Africa, and southern Europe. Licorice root has brown and black skin and yellow core and has medicinal properties. The herb has 5 to 6 brown seeds and bluish flowers.

The herb has four to seven pairs of leaves and a leaflet which are sticky due to the secretion of a special kind of sap.

Licorice Ingredients

  • Glycyrrhizin is the major component of licorice which turns into two molecules of water and glucuronic acid and glycyrrhetinic under hydrolysis condition.
  • Glyceric acid, which is 50 times sweeter than sugar, is another ingredient of licorice. The amount of Glyceric in the herb varies between 5 to 20 percent, depending on the plant kind and environmental conditions. The Glyceric increases with age.
  • Isoflavones and flavonoids
  • Coumarins and strudels
  • Terpenoids
  • Starch and volatile oils
  • Amino acids and lignin
  • Amines and waxes
  • Sugars such as glucose and sucrose

Extraordinary medicinal properties of licorice

As mentioned above, the taste of licorice can vary depending on the herb kind. For example, the Greek sweet is said to have a bitter taste, while the Spanish herb has a milder taste. The following are among the medicinal properties of the herb:

  • The dried and abraded root of the herb has expectorant properties. The Hindus have used it in a special medicine called Jasti Mado.
  • Having antimicrobial properties, it is used in toothpaste and mouthwash as an anti-decay agent.
  • Antispasmodic and anti-muscle cramps
  • Treating bronchitis, rheumatism, and swollen joints
  • Used in cough syrup.
  • having laxative and diuretic properties
  • Used as a topical antiviral drug for eyes, ulcers, shingles, mouth, and genital ulcers.
  • Helping with the digestive system, while treating ulcers, stomach swelling and duodenum and preventing gastric cancer
  • Helping with bloating and indigestion
  • Affecting the body’s endocrine system, while lowering blood testosterone levels. However, its effect on testosterone has not yet been studied.
  • A skin brightener and anti- Some cosmetic creams usually contain the herb.



Valerian officinalis


Medicinal properties of valerian

Having a lot of medicinal properties, the root of valerian plays an important role in preventing and treating many diseases. The plant can help cure the following disorders:

  • convulsant
  • depression
  • stress
  • insomnia
  • Stomach upset
  • digestion disorders

A nickname associate with valerian is catnip, as it can attract the cats to itself, due to the similarity between actinidin in the plant and the cats’ pheromones.

The most important properties of the catnip

The most important medical properties of the herb are:

  • helping hysterical and nervous problems
  • Sedative and antispasmodic
  • Febrifugal and tranquilizer
  • Helping with restlessness
  • Anti-intestinal and gastric worms
  • Relieving Migraine
  • Relieving stress and anxiety
  • Treating melancholy
  • Relieving the chest pain
  • Helping with diabetes
  • Treating sciatica
  • Eliminating persistent hiccups



Carum carvi

Green Cumin was first cultivated in Iran and the Mediterranean region. The plant was, first, found in Syria and since the second millennium BC, it was used in ancient Egypt, Morocco, ancient Rome, and Persia.

Green Cumin plays a major role in the pharmaceutical industry.

Ingredients of cumin

  • Iron and magnesium
  • Vitamins C and E
  • Variants of B vitamins such as B2, B3, B6, B12
  • Folic acid B9
  • A and K Vitamins
  • Potassium and phosphorus
  • Sodium and zinc
  • Calcium
  • Golden oil, tannins, and essential oils
  • A kind of aldehyde called cuminol, the amount of which varies between 30 to 50 percent depending on the culture site.

The amazing healing properties of cumin


Treating hemorrhoids

Green Cumin was first cultivated in Iran and the Mediterranean region. The plant was, first, found in Syria and since the second millennium BC, it was used in ancient Egypt, Morocco, ancient Rome, and Persia. Green Cumin plays a major role in the pharmaceutical industry. Being one of the major producers of Cumin in the world, Iran ranks second in harvesting green cumin in the world.

Improving digestion

One of the great properties of cumin is to improve stomach and the intestines function by stimulating the glands involved in enzymes, bile, and acids. By improving digestion, the herb prevents gas formation in the digestive system.

Eliminates bloating

It is very useful in relieving abdominal bloating associated with pressure and abdominal pain.

Boost the immune system

Rich in vitamin C, the plant seed can strengthen and boost the immune system, especially in people who suffer from stress and anxiety.

Lowering blood pressure and heart attacks

The herb can prevent cancer, caused by oxidative stress.

Aid in weight loss

The plant can help losing weight automatically while enhancing metabolism and improving digestion.

Has Anti-inflammatory properties and eliminates body toxins

Thymoquinone is an active substance found in cumin. It can help losing weight due to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties while eliminating toxins by fighting free radicals.

help Lowering blood sugar

Since cumin helps the body respond properly to glucose and insulin, it can help lower the blood sugar level.

Rejuvenating the skin

Containing Vitamin E and anti-aging properties, the plant strengthens the capillary membrane of the skin, maintains its elasticity while keeping the moisture content. Since vitamin E accelerates healing the body’s cells and reducing skin inflammation, it is effective in treating acne, wounds, and wrinkles.

May help Cancer prevention

Having antioxidant properties, the herb can help to prevent skin infection and skin cancer.

Rich in iron

The iron is stored in the bone marrow and liver in the body. Myoglobin, or primary cells of muscle, won’t be able to store oxygen without iron, hence leading to cell misfunction and weakening the muscles.

Inadequate iron intake can lead to memory deficit and cognitive inability, due to the insufficient amount of oxygen carried to the brain. Rich in Iron, cumin can reduce brain damage, Alzheimer and other cognitive disorders.

Effective for people with anemia

Hemoglobin carries oxygen throughout the body. Anemia occurs when the level of Hemoglobin decreases in the body. The plant can prevent the symptoms associated with anemia such as anxiety, cognitive disorders, general fatigue, and digestive problems.



Crocus sativus

Extraordinary properties of saffron

Saffron or Zarparan is known as the most precious plant in the world. It is believed that it was first planted and used in Iran. Saffron is mainly harvested in the northeastern part of Iran, particularly Khorasan province.

Iran is the main producer of this so-called “Red Gold” in the world. About 92 percent of the world saffron is cultivated in Iran. In addition, Iran is also known to produce the best quality saffron in the world. According to the medical studies, researchers have discovered the extraordinary properties of this precious plant.  That is why the plant is also known and used for its medical and health benefits, in addition to its popular use as a spice.

Having hundreds of hectares of farmland in Khorasan and southern Iran, as the origin of saffron, our company claims to produce and provide the premium quality Iranian saffron with the help of farmers and prominent specialists in the country.

Extraordinary properties of saffron

  • Crocetin derivatives: Yellow compounds completely soluble in water
  • Picrocrocin: Stimulates the stomach, having the bitter taste
  • Containing 1% Safranal, saffron aroma and flavoring agent
  • Moisture: 1310%
  • Mineral compounds: 10%
  • Containing Crocin, the colorant ingredient


Medicinal properties

Saffron is used as an antidepressant by some European pharmaceutical companies due to its euphoric properties. The effect of the herb is similar to fluoxetine in preventing the reabsorption of neural dopamine, dopamine, and serotonin due to its Safranal and serotonin ingredients.

According to the results, the reduction of serotonin in the body can increase premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and depression.

Because of Serotonin reabsorption in the herb, the hormone level increases and leads to reducing depression among women with PMS.

Besides, the antioxidant properties of the plant, due to the presence of various compounds such as crocin can prevent the activity of ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species) and fatty acids in the membrane. It can also increase the motility and morphology of sperm and consequently cure sexual disorders.

Having antioxidant compounds, the plant can cure and prevent cancer by dissociation of chain reactions associated with free radicals and limiting the synthesis of DNA and RNA in cancer cells. The cytotoxic activity of the plant due to the presence of carotenoid compounds can reduce the activity of cancer cell enzymes.

Non-pharmacological properties

In addition to its flavoring properties, the plant is used in painting fabric in developing countries. In addition, it is commonly used to garnish rice and pastry for its distinctive fragrance and gold-yellowish color. It is also wildly used in medicine and other industries.


Green Tea

Green tea and its health properties

Green tea contains a range of healthy compounds that has made it a popular herbal drink in the world for so many years. The herb is native to India and China. After water, tea is one of the most consumed drinks in the world. Green tea accounts for 20% of the global consumption while black tea has the highest share with 78%.

 The tea is full of antioxidant compounds, making it the healthiest drink in the world. It is also rich in cancer-fighting, anti-inflammatory, and pain-relieving ingredients, due to containing polyphenol agent.

Amazing properties of green tea


  • Cancer fighting

One of the most powerful compounds in the herb is polyphenols which according to studies conducted by the National Cancer Institute may help reduce the uncontrolled growth of cancer cells while protecting the cells against UVB rays.

  • Reducing cardiovascular disease

The studies show that the herb may also help improve and strengthen heart function, thus reducing cardiovascular disease.

  • lowering blood Cholesterol

Studies indicate that consuming green tea may help lower LDL cholesterol or bad fats.

  • Reducing the risk of brain stroke

If consumed regularly, green herbal tea can lower the risk of brain stroke significantly.

  • Increasing fat burning

The herbal tea may help losing weight and reducing blood triglycerides without having any side effects of fat-burning drugs. The polyphenols compounds in the tea stimulate the salivary amylase, an enzyme responsible for initiating starch breakdown in the mouth.

  • Preventing Alzheimer’s disease

To fully understand the effect of the herb on Alzheimer’s disease, researchers examined one of the compounds in green tea called CAGE after it was digested in the large intestine. The research showed that the plant is very effective in preventing Alzheimer’s disease.