Rose flower is one of the aromatic plants that is native to the Alborz and central Iran mountains. Red roses are other names of the flower. Rosewater is also made from a kind of this flower. India, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and Afghanistan are the countries that are active in the field of aroma making and oil extracting from the plant.
One of the aromatic plants with healing properties and a pleasant fragrance is lemon, making it a good ingredient in the food and perfume industry. The herb has rough leaves and a pleasant aroma when rubbed. Lemon grows naturally in Chile, Argentina, and Peru and is native to South America. The herb is cultivated in the north of Iran.
Coriander is very famous among Asians and grows in Northeast Africa and Southwest Asia. In Iran, the herb is cultivated and harvested in many parts of the country. The stems and leaves of the herb can be used both dried and ground, with the roots being used in East Asian cooking.
From the family of ginger, Cardamom is a fruit plant with dark seeds and the size of a finger knuckle. The herb is found in green, black, and white color, with the green kind having a bitter aroma. The fragrant seeds are used as an aromatic flavor in different cuisines such as sweets, foods, and especially jam.
From the family of vegetables, Licorice is cultivated in most parts of Iran. This self-growing herb is native to Asia, North Africa, and southern Europe. Licorice root has brown and black skin and yellow core and has medicinal properties. The herb has 5 to 6 brown seeds and bluish flowers.
Green Cumin was first cultivated in Iran and the Mediterranean region. The plant was, first, found in Syria and since the second millennium BC, it was used in ancient Egypt, Morocco, ancient Rome, and Persia. Green Cumin plays a major role in the pharmaceutical industry. Being one of the major producers of Cumin in the world, Iran ranks second in harvesting green cumin in the world.
The fennel herb is grown and cultivated in some parts of Iran. The herb is native to southwestern Asia and southern Europe, especially the Mediterranean. Packed with hormonal properties, Fennel can be prescribed to 90% of women.
Green tea contains a range of healthy compounds that has made it a popular herbal drink in the world for so many years. The herb is native to India and China. After water, tea is one of the most consumed drinks in the world. Green tea accounts for 20% of the global consumption while black tea has the highest share with 78%.
Saffron or Zarparan is known as the most precious herb in the world. It is believed that it was first planted and used in Iran. Saffron is mainly harvested in the northeastern part of Iran, particularly Khorasan province. Iran is the main producer of the so-called red gold in the world. Around 92 percent of the world saffron is cultivated in Iran.
Oxtongue mainly grows in Isfahan and Azerbaijan provinces as well as foothills of Alborz mountains. Most of the properties of the herb are due to the presence of potassium nitrate substance. The flowers, seeds and leaves of the herb are full of healing properties.
Research has recognized chamomile a fighting agent against depression and stress, while calming the nerves. It can be consumed as an herbal oil or herbal drink. Inhaling chamomile oil vapor is often recommended to relieve depression and stress. The herb is also used in the production of candles, aromatherapy compounds, and bath therapy.
Having a lot of medicinal properties, the root of valerian plays an important role in preventing and treating many diseases such as convulsant, depression, stress, insomnia, stomach upset, and digestion disorders. A nickname associate with valerian is catnip, as it can attract the cats to itself, due to the similarity between actinidin in the plant and the cats’ pheromones.
From the family of mint, Thyme herb has 350 kinds out of which 14 aromatic kinds are found in the mountains of Iran. Thyme is a miraculous herb full of many medicinal and healthy properties. Thyme is very effective in fighting and killing pathogenic bacteria.